Knowledge and the Doxastic Attitudes: A Belief-First Approach
This book is about four doxastic attitudes – belief, doubt, certainty, and confidence (or credence) – and how they each relate to knowledge. I defend a belief-first approach to the latter three doxastic attitudes. Roughly, to have doubt that p is to believe that it might be that not-p; to be certain that p is to believe that definitely, p; and one’s degree of confidence that p is the degree of probability that one believes p to have.
I also defend the following views of how these attitudes relate to knowledge: knowledge requires belief; knowledge precludes doubt; neither certainty nor confidence is required for knowledge; and both certainty and confidence are required for a valuable type of knowledge.